Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus in the Retroviridae family. HIV is pandemic and it is estimated that approx 60 million carriers of the virus globally. The virus is found in blood and body fluids that contain blood. The transmission mode is through sexual contact, inoculation, contact with infected blood and body fluids. Symptoms can be flulike, pharyngitis, fever, enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue, rash, headache and diarrhoea. If infected with the virus, there is no cure. However, new antiviral treatment is available.